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Evaluation of the effects of anticoagulant drugs on the rate of bleeding of oral surgeries and warfarin alternatives Amirhosein Pakravan Tahmine Bamdadian

Introduction: Today, with advances in the treatment of cardiovascular patients such as intravascular stents, cardiac valves and intracavitary pacemakers and cardiac transplantation, many cardiovascular patients should use anticoagulants such as warfarin, aspirin, Plavix and Sosix, Ticlopidine and other drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of coagulation drugs on the rate of bleeding of oral surgeries and warfarin alternative.
Methods: For access to studies on anticoagulant drugs and their effect on the bleeding of oral surgery in heart patients, the PUBMED, MEDLINE, MAGIRAN, SID, ELMNET and GOOGLE databases have been used since 1998 to 2015. Keywords include oral surgery, anticoagulants, warfarin, dentistry and bleeding.
Findings: In the investigations done on the studied articles, it seems that patients with anticoagulant drugs that are supposed to undergo minor dental surgeries do not require discontinuation, dose reduction, or even control of coagulation factors and bleeding can only be controlled by local dental procedures such as suturing, mouthwash, gel

THE PROGRESS OF EU AND TURKEY RELATIONSHIP Majda SIYAD  

Relations between Turkey and the EU, which express a difficult process, are important in every period of history. Relations that started with the Ankara Agreement passed through different phases over time, resulting in changes in mutual expectations of the parties. Turkey has not been able to give up on entering the EU. Similarly, the EU was able to see Turkey completely out of the union. Turkey has not been among the candidates for full membership with the 1997 Luxembourg Summit, and Turkey has tried to follow the policy of cutting the relations by reacting to the EU. After this unfortunate situation, the EU announced that it would prepare an accession partnership document by accepting the candidacy of Turkey with the 1999 Helsinki Summit. This has led to a shift in relational obligation and expectations.

Management Related Challenges that Inhibit the Integration of ICT into Secondary Schools Financial Accounting Systems in Kenya. Dr. Kapkiai Moses Kogei  

Information communication technology (ICT) is a major drive in global economies. It has been used in most sectors of the world economies. In most developed countries it is yet to be optimally incorporated in the education sectors as a tool for Education management. The purpose of this qualitative study was geared towards establishing management related challenges that inhibit the integration of ICT into secondary schools financial accounting systems in Kenya, taking North rift region of rift valley as case. The study sampled 60 from the targeted 1200 schools and by extension, the respondent using purposive sampling technique. Generic qualitative design and interpretive research methodology were adopted. Data was collected using interviews, observations, documentary analysis and structured questionnaires. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented using frequency tables, percentages and bar graphs. The findings showed that the major managerial challenges included among others; secondary schools’ leadership ignorance of ICT policy in education, absence of IC

An Exploration of Innovation Strategies Adopted By Telecommunication Services Providers for Competitive Advantage in Kenya.A study of Airtel Kenya Dr. Bichang’a Evans  

Innovation strategy provides a clear direction and focuses the effort of the entire organization on a common innovation goal. This study seeks to investigate the innovation strategies adopted by telecommunication service providers for competitive advantage in Kenya with special focus on Airtel Kenya. This research problem is studied through the use of descriptive research design. The target population for this study is the 68 employees of Airtel Kenya at the head office in Nairobi and 100 customer of Airtel Kenya. Stratified random sampling and purposive random sampling techniques were used to select the sample size of 158 respondents since the population of interest is not homogeneous and could be divided into three strata namely; top, middle and low level management.

Analysis of Socio-Economic, Factors Influencing Adoption of Biogas Technology among Farm Households in North Rift Region, Kenya. DR. Charles Obunde Ongiyo  

Biomass is one of the main sources of energy in Kenya accounting for over 68% of the total primary energy consumption. The continued dependency on biomass energy has resulted to land degradation, deforestation, drought and famine. The adoption and continued use of biogas energy technologies within the developed and developing countries is of great social, economic and environmental benefit. Although the positive benefits of using biogas is clear, in Africa and Kenya the households’ biogas adoption level is low. The main purpose of this study was to analyze social, economic factors that influence adoption of biogas energy among farm households in Nandi, Uasin-Gishu and Trans-Nzoia counties in North Rift region of Kenya. The target population was all the farm households in the three counties. The study employed farm household multistage research design mainly cluster, and simple random sampling techniques to get a sample size of 295 respondents for the study. Farm households were used as units for analysis. Data was collected using questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive and infe

Developing Information for Disasterand Risk Management in Public Universities of Kenya:An Emerging Role of Information Profession. Henry Lucheli Lusala  

Disasters entails factors that are coupled with naturally occurring hazards such as droughts floods, fire, war, terrorism, HIV/AIDS, landslides and epidemic outbreak among others which are risks to human life. Disaster management is the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response, and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. It usually refers to the management of natural catastrophes such as fire, flooding, or earthquakes. Related techniques for disasters management include crisis management, contingency management, and risk management. Developing an Information for disaster and risk management in universities of Kenya is framed within an environment where senior managers in the university need to integrate with low level staff as they face the pressure to professionalize; explore the world of risk, trust, and the distribution of power to allow confrontation and flow of information as they gather daily intelligence on acts of disasters. Unfortunately this objec

Characteristics and Performance of C02 Heat Pump at 50% Overcharged Conditions. Paul Maina  

A CO2 water to water heat pump system was used to investigate the effects of throttle valve opening and water flow rates at higher charge capacity (149% of the full charge). It was observed that the throttle opening affects the gas cooler pressure (and inlet temperature) where the less the opening the higher the pressure. Although the increase in gas cooler pressure was improving the gas cooler heat output and therefore the system efficiencies, there is an optimum pressure which when exceeded, the system performance deteriorates. This optimum pressure also is related to a certain throttle opening which is approximately at 20% in this
study. Similarly, as the throttle valve is reduced, the overall system becomes more ideal as indicated by Lorentz efficiency. On the other hand, the higher the flow rates the higher the performance although it’s better to keep the chilling water (evaporator) flow rate low and cooling water (gas cooler) flow rates high than vice versa for the best heat pump performance. However, if the main intention is to idealize the system, then it’s better to keep th

Effect of Mentorship Programs on Early Pregnancy Prevention among Secondary Schools Girls in Homa Bay Sub-County. ISABELLAH W. WAINAINA  

Unintended pregnancy among adolescents represents an important public health challenge in developed and developing countries. Numerous prevention strategies have been employed by countries across the world, in an effort to address this problem. However, many girls still cannot complete school due to early pregnancies. The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of mentorship and role modeling programs on pregnancy prevention among secondary school girls in Homa Bay Sub-County. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design and guided by the feminist theory. The study was carried in girls’ schools and mixed schools only because students in boys’ schools only are not directly affected by the phenomenon under study. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used for the purpose of collecting data. Two sets of questionnaires were administered for the heads of guidance and counseling department and the class teachers. Interview schedules were administered to the principals and the sub-county director of education. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequenc

Meeting Health Needs of the Marginalized Health Implications of Children Living in the Streets in Eldoret,Kenya. Carren Morangi Onwong’a  

Globally, millions of street children live in the streets where they are deprived of social, economic, education and health opportunities for their survival. Street children grow up in an environment where equanimity and psychosocial stability is frequently threatened. To the worst, their health is compromised by shoddier and everyday deteriorating environmental conditions. This is compounded by inadequate research on health issues of street children hence, lack of enough data in planning effective interventions for them. This paper is an extract of a larger study that was conducted in Eldoret town and partly looks into the health implications of children living on the streets in Eldoret town, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. A cross sectional descriptive type of study was conducted among 45 street children between the ages 8 to 16 years who were available at different bases of Eldoret town. Study findings show that street children in Eldoret face myriad health challenges which included poor access to health facilities where they were discriminated against and were also required to buy med

Cyberbullying:Effect on Work Place Production MR. JAMES NAMBUSI MAKHULO  

Cyber bullying affects many adolescents and teens on a daily basis; it is a form of violence that can do lasting harm to people at different ages and social status in a society. Cyber bullying is real experience that has been in existence for a quite a long time; Bullying statistics show that cyber bullying is a serious problem among teens and gaining roots among adults. By being more aware of cyber bullying, teens and adults can help to fight it. Cyber bullying involves using technology, like cell phones and the Internet, to bully or harass another person. The introduction of social media and other communication systems has seen several people being bullied online by those who are already proficient on the platforms. The reasons behind cyber bullying might or might not be mala-fide but its existence isn’t in the best interest. It has been looked at mainly from the teens’ effect both in physical and psychological perception not realizing that adults are also equally affected. The impact on adults comes in different forms and has serious impact on the families and work places. The imp

Endogenus Factors Influencing Collective Bargaining Process in Industry Relations: A case of Tea Estates in Nandi County, Kenya. VINCENT BOSIRE OCHOI  

Although the aim of collective bargaining is to eventually reach a mutual agreement, there is usually a degree of conflict in Kenya between the involved parties with regard to the means by which agreements may be reached and the terms on which it is reached. As a result of this, very few collective bargaining agreements are attained as compared to the number of industrial disputes raised. It was on this basis that the study sought to find out the endogenous factors inhibiting CBP in Nandi Tea Estates. The study was guided by Cole’s collective bargaining theory and employed a descriptive survey research design. Data was collected using questionnaire and interview schedule from union officials. Data was analysed using descriptive statistical techniques and presented in frequency tables. The study revealed that trade unions do not undertake adequate training in industrial relations negotiation skills. Trade unions also prefer retrospective implementation of CBP agreements as opposed to the employers who prefer prospective implementation. Unions in most cases negotiate for awards instead

Teachers Factors that Influence the Choice of Teaching Methods used by Early Childhood Development Education Teachers un Keiyo South District. Betty Jebet Cheruiyot  

The untrained early childhood development education (ECDE) teacher tends to escape from children’s problems instead of dealing with them. They do not know how to deal with different age groups since they do not know what tasks to give which group of children. The type of training enables a teacher to escape the constraints of a curriculum. Once this issue can be established, preferably by research, it will ease the inconsistencies in the ECDE teacher training in Kenya. The purpose of this study was to establish teacher factors that influence the choice of teaching methods used by ECDE teachers in Keiyo South District. This study was guided by the Learning Styles theory by McCarthy (1980) and adopted a descriptive survey design. The study targeted 126 public ECDE centres, 252 ECDE teachers and 126 ECDE head teachers in the public EDCE centres in the district. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 38 public ECDE centres. The study used the questionnaire, interview schedule and observation checklist to collect data. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential stati

Solution to the Challenges Facing School Principals as Human Resource Managers(HRM) in Secondary Schools in Nandi County,Kenya Emily Chemutai  

With the ongoing changes in Human Resources Management (HRM), it’s important that managers, executives and HR employees, specifically, be aware of the challenges that today’s HRM team may face. This should then be coupled with the solutions to containing these challenges. While there are certainly other issues, it is common to most of any type of business or size of company to having policies in place to ensure these challenges are met head-on to make the workplace more settled and peaceful for everyone. The principals as human resource managers should embrace change which of course is not limited to these challenges. This is because their roles keep on changing from the administrative and teaching roles to human resource roles. This will help them sustain adverse consequences resulting from there changing roles if poorly managed. This study is set to establish the ways in which School Principals and other stakeholders can curb the increasing challenges faced by them as HRMs. The study used a Survey research design with a target population of 140 secondary school principals drawn fro

Service Providers Challenges in Addressing the needs of Street Children in Eldoret Town,Kenya. CARREN MORANGI ONWONG’A  

In the recent decades, children service providers have struggled to assist street children to come out of their negative situations on the streets due to a myriad of challenges. In Kenya, street children are considered illegal and discriminated against in their attempts to access services and treated with violence and contempt by state authorities and other service providers. This paper examines the challenges faced by service providers in addressing the needs of street children. A descriptive survey research design was conducted among 45 street children between the ages 8 to 16 years who were available during the time of the study at different bases in Eldoret town. Study findings show that there were several service providers identified by the street children who included NGOs, FBOs, Business Community and Good Samaritans. However, some of the services provided by the business community and Good Samaritans were identified, by Social Workers, as a factor that led to more children coming to the streets of Eldoret town. Street children revealed that they needed to be more involved in

Sustainablity of Public relations Practices in Creative Arts Industry in Kenya. Mathew Ayal  

This paper discusses the role public relations can play in the creative arts industry. It examines the objectives, strategies that arts organizations can use in communicating with their diverse audience. The paper argues that creative arts industry in addition to entertaining the audience is a medium of communication that be used for social and economic development. Therefore, those working in this sector at an organizational and practitioner level need to embrace public relations and marketing tools. In order to maximise their creative opportunities and communicate effectively with their publics.

Role of ECDE Administration on Choice of Teaching Methods used by Early Childhood Development Education Teachers in Keiyo South Districts. Betty Jebet Cheruiyot  

The untrained Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) teacher tends to escape from children’s problems instead of dealing with them. They do not know how to deal with different age groups since they do not know what tasks to give which group of children. The type of training enables a teacher to escape the constraints of a curriculum. Once this issue can be established, preferably by research, it will ease the inconsistencies in the ECDE teacher training in Kenya. The purpose of this study was to establish teacher factors that influence the choice of teaching methods used by ECDE teachers in Keiyo South District. This study was guided by the Learning Styles theory and adopted a descriptive survey design. The study targeted 126 public ECDE centres, 252 ECDE teachers and 126 ECDE head teachers in the public EDCE centres in the district. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 38 public ECDE centres. The study used the questionnaire, interview schedule and observation checklist to collect data. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and presented

Subsidized Education and Quality of Education in Secondary Schools in Eldoret Sub-County. Barno Grace  

The purpose of this study was to establish the effect of subsidized secondary education on quality of education. The study sought to determine general teacher to student ratio; teacher to student ratios in urban and rural schools, student to book ratio before and after implementation of subsidized secondary education and the availability of physical facilities in secondary schools in Eldoret East sub-County. The study adopted descriptive survey design. Sample selection was made using stratified sampling, simple random sampling, and purposive sampling. Self-administered questionnaires and document analysis were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics data, and the significance of the results determined using t-test at 95% confidence level. The findings of this study revealed that the teacher to student ratio had increased implying that with the increase in student enrolment the number of teachers had remained the same (p≥0.5). The Government subsidy on textbooks had effectively improved the textbook to student ratio. The study recommended that the gov

Effect of Finance Availability on The Performance of Post Retirement Business Enterprise in Ugunja Sub County,Siaya County. Odhiambo Norbert Omuga Likalama Alice

The study sought to assess the influence of finance availability on the performance of post retirement businesses in Ugunja Sub-county, Siaya County. It adopted a descriptive survey research design and inferential statistics. The target population for the study was 80 retirees. The researcher used census and collected data using questionnaires. The instrument was validated by the supervisors. Reliability of the instrument was determined through a pilot study where a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.708 was obtained from the instrument. This indicated that the instrument was reliable. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics and presented in tables. The study established that finance availability with p-values (p= 0.000) significantly affect performance of post retirement business enterprises. The study recommends that the government and other organization should facilitate loans for the retirees to enable them have sufficient funds. They should also be taught the importance of saving which provides capital for enterprises. They should know

Effectiveness of Guidance and Counselling types in Enhancing discipline among Secondary School Students in Olokurto Kamundia I. Robert Maria Ntarangwe

While education is expected to change the behaviour of learners positively by moulding them into self- respecting and self-reliant individuals, discipline related issues have been at the fore of educational debates as students encounter challenges associated with adolescence. Cases of truancy, drug abuse, immorality, destruction of property and loss of life, are however, indicators of the existence of a conflict between educational aims and discipline among secondary school students. This is despite the provision of guidance and counselling services in schools, hence the need to examine the effectiveness of guidance and counselling in enhancing discipline among secondary school students. The objective of study was to establish the effectiveness of guidance and counselling types employed towards enhancing discipline among secondary school students in Olokurto Division, Narok County, Kenya. Descriptive survey design was employed in the study and questionnaire used obtain data from respondents. Person centred theory advanced by Carl Rogers guided the study. The study population comprise

Effect of Knowledge Management Practices on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Performance in Migori County Oyoo Maurice Ochieng Prof. Richard Nyangosi

In the last decade the role of knowledge management practices in business organizations has been emphasized by practioners, academics and entrepreneurs. Ironically, most of these studies have focused on large organizations, yet others have predominantly focused on secondary literature of past studies for their findings. In addition, some studies have focused on particular aspects like tacit or explicit knowledge without giving a clue on the relationship to performance using both. This study sought to find out the effect of knowledge management practices on organizational performance with particular reference to MSMEs, thereby filling the gap on smaller organizations. The study was also empirical and addressed both tacit and explicit forms of knowledge. The study was guided by knowledge based view theory of the firm. The objective of the study was to find out the effect of organizational learning, knowledge sharing, and knowledge acquisition on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise performance in Migori County, Kenya. The study was conducted by cross- sectional survey, data being collect

Effect HR on the Competitive Advantage of Catholic Mission Hospitals Job Masaba Benard Masayi

In the recent years, the health sector has experienced escalating health care costs which have made the health care service providers seek for ways of continuously staying competitive to provide quality services to its customers. Traditionally, this is a sector that requires high level of professionalism, sophisticated equipments and advanced technology in order to stay ahead of others. Catholic mission hospitals have not been an exception to this experience. Despite the efforts, several draw backs have been noticed in the hospitals. It’s against this background that this study specifically aimed to establish the effect of investigate whether establishing whether human resource alignment had any effect on competitiveness of Catholic Mission Hospitals in Nyeri County. The target population for the study was 226 staff and a sample size of 68 was selected. The researcher used descriptive survey research design. Data was collected using questionnaires. The data collected was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. The qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis and presente

Effect HR on the Competitive Advantage of Catholic Mission Hospitals Job Masaba Benard Masayi

In the recent years, the health sector has experienced escalating health care costs which have made the health care service providers seek for ways of continuously staying competitive to provide quality services to its customers. Traditionally, this is a sector that requires high level of professionalism, sophisticated equipments and advanced technology in order to stay ahead of others. Catholic mission hospitals have not been an exception to this experience. Despite the efforts, several draw backs have been noticed in the hospitals. It’s against this background that this study specifically aimed to establish the effect of investigate whether establishing whether human resource alignment had any effect on competitiveness of Catholic Mission Hospitals in Nyeri County. The target population for the study was 226 staff and a sample size of 68 was selected. The researcher used descriptive survey research design. Data was collected using questionnaires. The data collected was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. The qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis and presente

PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS OF CATTLE RUSTLING ON ADOLESCENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BARAGOI , KENYA Maria Ntarangwe Kamundia I. Robert,

This study was set to find out the psychosocial effects of cattle rustling culture among adolescent students in public secondary schools in Baragoi District, Samburu County, Kenya. For many years, Baragoi has experienced a series of serious conflicts based on cattle rustling. The worst incident was the Baragoi massacre that led to mass deaths and injuries of soldiers. The study employed quantitative and qualitative research paradigms focusing on the cross-sectional survey and phenomenological methods respectively. Probability sampling methods used included stratified and simple random sampling. A non- probability sampling method; criterion sampling was also employed. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected using questionnaires and Focus Group Discussions for students and interviews for teacher counsellors. Questionnaires had both closed and open-ended items. Quantitative data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 and were presented using frequencies, means and percentages while qualitative data were analysed and categorized into themes

Undirected Academic Talent Radicalization Student Unrest Prisca J. Kiptoo William K. Kurumei

Academic performance is a function of many interrelated variables including inherent study efforts, modes of teaching, school environment and family related factors. Academically talented students are often expected to perform and maintain high academic performance. However, sometimes their performance is unexpectedly variable. To compound this scenario, data lacks of many Kenyan schools whether students’ attitudes towards their teachers affect their academic performance. This study therefore investigated the effects of attitudes of academically talented secondary school students toward their teachers and how this impact on their academic performance in Keiyo District. The study specifically assessed, academic performance of the academically talented students, their attitudes towards teachers and how the attitudes toward teachers affected their academic performance. The three variables were discriminated further on the basis of gender, types of school, age and class. The main factors affecting talented students academic performance were also determined. The entire study was propounde

Effect of internal Marketing Strategy on Empolyee Performance among selected public universities in Kenya Dr. Lydia Muriuki  

Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to analyse the effect of internal marketing strategy on employee performance among selected public universities in Kenya.
Design/Methodology: A total of 384 employees were sampled from both administrative and academic staff positions, employing stratified random sampling proportionately from the selected four Universities. The study used primary data which was largely quantitative, collected by use of structured questionnaires. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were conducted. Findings reveal a significant relationship between internal marketing strategy and employee performance among selected public universities in Kenya.
Findings: Findings reveal a significant relationship between internal marketing strategy and employee performance among selected public universities in Kenya.
Theoretical implications: This study adds value to theory by not only looking at financial development attributes but by empirically analyzing the extent of the effect of internal marketing on employee performance. The study validates the main theory underpinn

Participatory Women Emporement:Increased Rural Agricultural Productivity towards Sustainable Development in Kenya. Dr. Mary Mogute Julius M. Limbitu

Participation of all rural community members is important in promoting agricultural productivity toward sustainable development. Women empowerment is necessary to enable them participate in promoting increased agricultural productivity and sustainable food security. Empowered women have equal control of decision making, taking responsibility, holding different social actors accountable, having access to resources for food production, and control over agricultural produce to improve the welfare of the household and community members. However, rural women mostly face disempowering forces from the dominant paternalistic indigenous African culture. The study used desktop research method to assess the dynamics of participatory empowerment of rural women to increase agricultural productivity in the theoretical basis of gender and sustainable development in Kenya. The study found that women in rural areas work very hard in the labor intensive agricultural production, but have very law control over how the crop produce is utilized. Men tend to dominate decision making about the agricultural

Effect of Interest Rates on Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya:A case of selected Bank in Kisii Town. Linet Bwoma Dr. Christopher Ngancho

The success of a commercial bank depends on income and value of its assets (loans). This study focused on interest rates and their effect on performance of the commercial banks in Kenya. Descriptive research design was adopted with a target population of 153 respondents from the credit departments. Stratified random sampling was used to select a sample of 111 respondents who were administered with a structured questionnaire. The collected data was collated and coded for descriptive and inferential analyses using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 23. Findings revealed that Central bank (CBK) policies affect the interest rates charged (mean 4.23), interest rates charged vary depending on repayment period (mean 3.85), higher portfolio at risk (PAR) increases the number of NPLs (mean 3.77) and increased interest income promotes high performance by banks (mean 3.94).There was a statistically significant relationship between interest rates, loan provision and performance of commercial banks. The study recommended that commercial banks should effectively respond to CBK int

An assement of social media use on Employee Performance in Public University College. Dorcas M. Nyamanya Stella Omari

Social media has swept through popular culture recently and more than 1.5 billion members globally joined online communities and started using social platforms. Hence, the popularity of social media cannot be ignored by any industry. This study sought to establish the relationship of social media use and employee performance in public universities in Kenya. The study centered on the effects of Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter and WhatsApp on employee performance in Rongo University. Descriptive design was adopted with a target population of 497 employees from Rongo University. 136 respondents were sampled and administered with structured questionnaires. The collected data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential analysis with the aid of the statistical software for social sciences (SPSS). Findings revealed that Twitter, LinkedIn and WhatsApp affect employee performance. The study concluded that employee performance associated with LinkedIn was attributed to knowledge, information sharing, career advancement and collaborations. Other social media had inverse relationship with em

Relationship Between Strategic Agility and Organisation Performance Ogolla Judith Atieno Dr . Thomas A . Senaj

Strategic decision-making theories suggest that organizations that pool strategic Agility and its constructs are likely to perform better than those that emphasize on traditional strategic planning. To assess whether these arguments apply to the public sector; This study explores the Strategic agility construct and their influence on performance through organizations perceived service effectiveness, efficiency and equity of State corporations in Kenya; hence the main objective of this study is to explore the relationship between strategic agility and performance of organizations (considering the components of both concepts and contextual variables). The population of the study included top managers and senior staffs working at the state corporations in Kenya. Results showed a significant positive correlation between strategic agility and organizational performance. All components of organizational performance had a positive significant relationship with Strategic agility. The relationship between the individual components of strategic agility and organizational performance is positiv

nfluence of Technology Adoption on Credit Access among Small Holder Farmers:A double -Hurdle Analysis. Grace Kariuki - Njogu Dr. Agnes Njeru

The proportion of bank lending to the agricultural sector is generally low across the globe, and the situation is no different in Kenya. This is despite the fact that commercial banks have continued to launch tailor-made loan products that target specific groups in the sector. Studies acknowledging low credit volume in the sector have mostly focused on supply side factors that account for the status. However, there are ex-ante factors averting potential agricultural clients from seeking commercial bank credit. This paper investigated mobile banking technology adoption as a factor influencing the level of agricultural credit demand by agricultural households. Using data from dairy farmers, the study explored the relationship between an individual’s espousal of mobile banking technology and the likelihood to access a commercial bank loan through the mobile-banking platform. Specific social-demographic factors were hypothesized to moderate the relationship between mobile-banking technology adoption and credit access. The study was anchored on the fact that the world is swiftly transitin

Unhooking the Tentacles of Dependancy:Challenges and Opportunity of public Benefits Organisation in informal Settlements in Nairobi County Kenya. Timothy Osiru Okatta Wilkins Ndege Muhingi

Financial sustainability has always been a dream for every PBO serving in Kenya and by extension in Africa. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Kenya mostly depend on foreign funding. Studies expose the declining state of foreign funding coupled with the Miscellaneous Amendment Act of 2013 both of which impose a strain to PBOs. This paper explored the challenges faced by PBOs in implementing financial sustainability strategies in Nairobi informal settlements in Kenya. It was concurrent mixed methods approach study that employed a descriptive design and was carried out between January and August 2015. The study targeted various PBO stakeholders who were randomly and purposively sampled constituting a sample size of 304. Structured questions and interviews were the methods used to collect data while questionnaires and interview guides were tools used to collect data. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze quantitative data while qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis in themes. The findings showed that 90% of the PBOs that were sampled faced challenges in impleme

Africa Indigenous Management of Water Catchment Areas: Contemporary Lessons for Sustainable Development in Meru - Kenya. Dr. Kennedy Ongaro Julius M. Limbitu,

African indigenous practices had specific religious significance in managing water resources, where everything had a religious aspect. In this sense, water catchment areas were treated sacred. People in Meru held religious events under designated trees. This way harvesting trees and other natural resources was approached with religious reverence, taking care to conserve the ecological environment leading to sustainable development. There are a number of challenges facing the contemporary exploitation, protection and preservation of natural resources, including at the water catchment areas. This endangers sustainable community development. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the contemporary lessons that can be drawn from the African indigenous management of water catchment areas. Literature on African religious environmentalism and the theory of critical institutionalism including concepts of path-dependence which stipulate that people’s behavior depend on past practices passed on through teaching and mentorship were reviewed. The institutional bricolage addresses the

Twific,Twine and Student centred Learning Combining creativity and Coding in the classroom. Sarah Tytler  

This paper explores the most effective way to teach creative problem-solving in a variety of classroom environments, from a traditional face-to-face course structure to distance-learning to individual workshops. Creative problem-solving is a crucial skill in a global, local, or 'glocalised' economy. Whether creativity can be taught and if so, how, has been covered extensively (Best, 1982; Lindström, 2006; Fasko, 2001; Cropley, Westwell, & Gabriel, 2017), but very little research examines the specific use of digital media and mobile applications in an interdisciplinary learning environment (Clark, Hergenrader, & Rein, 2015). Multimodality, social media, and interactive story-telling tools such as the program Twine combine the arts and sciences in a way which allows students to learn both analytical and creative problem-solving techniques while encouraging ingenuity and self-motivated discovery. Through a combination of comparative analysis, classroom observation, and original research, this paper describes best-practices and example case studies for teachers and facilitators intereste

Nurturing Tacitk Knowledge Through a Knowledge Centred culture for organisation Agility. Ributhi Jane Njoki Dr. Eng. Thomas A. Senaji

Organizations are battling with unending demand for improved and quality service delivery from her customers. This requires new approaches to knowledge culture that facilitates sharing of tacit knowledge among all the stakeholders of an organization. Service delivery has been one of the major focus areas of organizational transformation and public sector reforms in Kenyan Government. Competition among the players pushes the organizations to come up with strategies of becoming and remaining agile. Organizations are realizing the importance of knowledge centered culture to enable them share knowledge efficiently and effectively as knowledge that is not well managed and shared corrodes easily. The concern of this paper is that existing tacit knowledge may be lost if not tapped. Failure of tapping into tacit knowledge affects organizational agility negatively. How to retain or tap tacit knowledge remains an area of interest to researchers. This paper foresees an urgent need of coming up with the most effective mechanisms for tapping tacit knowledge within the organization. Tacit knowledg

Adopting Course Book To Meet The Exploration of the Expectations of the Syllabus and the Students Local Needs.A Focus on Teacher Practise. LORNA WAFULA  

With the rapid English language teaching development, more and more books have made their way into the market and choosing the right course book to meet the expectations of the syllabus and the students’ local needs is becoming more and more important at all levels of English language teaching. This paper examined ways of adapting course books by teachers of English language in secondary school in Kenya, so as to meet the expectations of the syllabus and the students’ needs. With effort from text book writers, English language teaching researchers and classroom teachers, course book adaption has evolved from ad hoc to systematic action. Although most classroom teachers may not be involved in the production of the syllabus and the text books, they have the responsibility for course book adaptation. Reference to the term course book has expanded from books to all materials used in English language teaching. It has evolved into a great variety of resources used in language classrooms such as audio cassettes, videos, CD-ROMs, flash cards and other authentic materials such as newspapers,

Role of Papa Shirandula Television Drama Series In Framing the Position of a Man and Woman in Kakamega Town. VINCENT MUKANGAYI ACHANDO  

Television drama series has far reaching effects on the viewers` perception of social issues such as sustainable development in every culture and society. This study examined the role of Papa Shirandula television drama series in framing the position of a man and woman in Kakamega town. Specific objectives included; to examine the perception of men and women by the Viewers of the TV drama series and to assess the effect of Papa Shirandula TV drama in stereotyping femininity and masculinity on the viewers. The study employed social construction of reality theory. The research was carried out among the residents of Kakamega municipality who are audiences of Papa Shirandula TV show. A descriptive survey design was adopted. The target population was 442 from which a sample of 133 household heads were derived using simple Random sampling technique. Interviews, focused group discussions and textual analysis were used to generate data. Data analysis was done using the qualitative data analysis techniques. Reliability and validity of the Research instruments were ensured through a pilot stud

Mobile Eco-Systems Impact of Ghanaian Economy. Dr. Isaiah Onsarigo Miencha  

This paper focused the use of mobile phone in the banking industry its economic implications and general a look into the various forms of mobile banking on the security measures that makes the whole process safe for adoption. The mobile ecosystem is constantly changing. The roles of each other are of interest of researchers both in academia and globally various innovative uses the mobile phone to provide financial services to traditional banks. The mobile banking technology systems have implications for the general discussions about mobile telephone in the developing world. Existing study about the significance of mobile communications in the developing world has focused on voice and text messaging. More so emergence of mobile banking also underscore how innovations emerge from unexpected places and have the capability of reconfiguring the technology to its users offering a way to lower the costs of moving money from place to place and opening a way to bring more users into contact with new financial systems.

Mobile Commmunication and Tellecommunicating are they a necessary evil for Business community in Kenya? Ms. Alice Nambiro Wechuli Prof. Franklin Wabwob a

Telecommuting is becoming a critical human resource management strategy in many organizations due to its implications for increased employee flexibility and productivity and organizational cost savings. Mobile technology is gaining popularity among people globally, including low income earners. This is because of the vast convenience for the users brought by the mobile communication devices. Many of the mobile devices are faced out at an alarming rate due to rapid technological change. Several studied literature lead to widespread agreement that landfill of electronic waste and electric equipment is not a suitable end-of-use management choice. If landfill was diverted through the recycling of e-waste, which typically consists of the recovery of a limited quantity of metals, then it would save on many things including the health of human beings since some of chemicals contained in mobile devices are hazardous to the human body. This paper seeks to explore information on telecommuting and remote communications where benefits and challenges are considered. Also, the green implication of

An Exploration of Innovation Strategies Adopted by Telleommunication Services Providers for competitive Advantage in Kenya. Dr. Bichang’a Evans  

Innovation strategy provides a clear direction and focuses the effort of the entire organization on a common innovation goal. This study seeks to investigate the innovation strategies adopted by telecommunication service providers for competitive advantage in Kenya with special focus on Airtel Kenya. This research problem is studied through the use of descriptive research design. The target population for this study is the 68 employees of Airtel Kenya at the head office in Nairobi and 100 customer of Airtel Kenya. Stratified random sampling and purposive random sampling techniques were used to select the sample size of 158 respondents since the population of interest is not homogeneous and could be divided into three strata namely; top, middle and low level management. Primary and secondary data is gathered. Primary data was collected by administering survey questionnaires and interview schedules whiles secondary data is gathered from inside the company, libraries, annual reports, published data etc. Qualitative data was analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics using SPSS (versi

ANALYSIS OF MONETARY POLICY, CREDIT MARKET AND LENDING RATES AMONG COMMERCIAL BANKS IN KENYA DR. Omae Kabuka Joseph Abuga Orayo

With banks being the major avenue that the CBK relies on to execute monetary policy, the paper
sought to investigate whether commercial banks are actually responsive to monetary policy.
The study used an Error Correctional Model to estimate a relationship where lending rates were
treated as the dependent variable while the independent variables were monetary policy,
specifically CBR. The model was also expanded to include additional independent variables
specifically monetary policy transmission channels. These include the credit channel which is
represented by credit to the private sector, exchange rate channel represented as nominal
exchange rate and asset price channel. For consistency, inflation and economic growth were
included in the model because these are the targets of monetary policy.The study findings
showed that there was a long run relationship between lending rates and Central Bank Rate,
Exchange Rates, Asset Price, Credit to the Private Sector, Economic growth and Inflation Rates.
The results also indicated that CBRand Inflation cause lending rates to increa

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